Shimano’s New 12-Speed XTR: More Versatile Than Ever!

From XC and marathon racing to enduro, Shimano's new top-of-the-range MTB groupset is designed to suit everyone

Bicycling Editors |

Shimano on Friday launched their new, more versatile, XTR M9100 mountain biking groupset that includes a 12-speed cassette and a range of versatile configurations designed for XC, marathon and enduro racers.

The new wide-range cassette comes with either a 10-45T or 10-51T range while the upgraded brakes on the groupset include 2- or 4-piston brakes and a new hub featuring Shimano’s new Micro Spline technology. Also new is the design of brake and lever mounts which allows riders to position their controls, including an XTR dropper post lever, in the optimum position for comfort and rapid action.

Altogether the new developments save over 150g in weight for XC riders or over 90g for Enduro riders and promise a more intuitive shifting set up for enhanced focus on the trail.

Bas Van Dooren, Shimano Europe Product team leader, says that the new system is not simply just an update on the M9000: “It’s a re-design from the ground up to find the best components for MTB racing for XC, marathon and enduro racing.”


Developments in the drivetrain started from the position of minimising gear change steps, to give riders the optimum rhythm and cadence between each gear and ultimately the most overall speed. The result of this was the 51T sprocket, which comes after equal gear steps of 6T in the last three sprockets (10-12-14-16-18-21-24-28-33-39-45-51T) for an even cadence.

XTR also introduces a 10-45T 12-speed cassette (10-12-14-16-18-21-24-28-32-36-40-45T) for faster or less steep MTB courses and less cadence shock. The 10-45T is for XC riders wanting small gear steps and the lightest set up while the 10-51T is ideal for trail riders tackling big climbs.

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Both cassettes use strikingly different metals for different sprockets to allow the best balance of weight and durability. The largest sprockets use aluminium, the middle use titanium and the smallest use steel.

A third cassette option comes with new XTR for riders specifically looking to create a stiffer and lighter wheel set. Essentially, this option is based on the 10-51T cassette with the 51T sprocket removed to create an 11-speed cassette with 12-speed gear spacing. The benefit of this option is that it gives riders the chance to create a lighter bike and stiffer wheels which can be used with the same chain and shifter that the 12-speed set-up uses.

Hub tech:

To fit the 12-speed set up Shimano restructured the freehub design with what’s known as Micro Spline technology to fit the cassette. As well as that comes the introduction of Scylence technology in Shimano’s rear hub. This new technology replaces the pawls with a ratchet system to reduce drag while coasting and create a virtually silent hub so you can focus more on the trail ahead. Front hubs are available in 100 or 110 mm spacing with a 15 mm thru-axle and rear hubs come in 142 or 148mm (Boost specification) with a 12 mm thru-axle.

Shimano xtr m9100
Image courtesy of Shimano.


Alongside a dedicated 12-speed chain, with a 12-speed Quick Link, comes a 12-speed crankset with its hollow crank arm. XC 1×12-speed riders are well catered for with a wide range of direct mount chainrings saving up to 80g in weight and available from 30T-38T. Enduro riders running 1×12-speed can add the XTR chain device to aid chain retention and they have the option of the FC-M9120 crankset with a wider Q-factor to fit particular frame dimensions.

Riders who want the biggest gear range and control in all types of terrain, have the option of a 2×12-speed crankset in 38-28T that can be paired with the 10-45T cassette for the maximum gear range and close gear steps for long races with lots of climbing.


Three rear derailleurs are available at XTR level (the long cage or short cage style or the double chainring long cage style), all with a sleek, aggressive and angular anodized aluminium design. To aid shifting performance the pulley wheels go from 11T at XTR M9000 to a larger 13T size to increase chain retention and together with the rear derailleur’s Shadow RD+ design, helps minimise chain bounce.

Shimano xtr m9100
Image courtesy of Shimano.

Meanwhile the front derailleur is also available in three different styles depending on your frame. The D-type, E-type and M-type mounts all feature Side Swing technology for effortlessly smooth front shifting.


The theory behind the shifter design was to allow riders to instantly adapt to rapidly changing conditions with improved cockpit integration to shave crucial tenths of seconds from each operation. That has been achieved through the creation of an I-SPEC EV design, which is the system by which handlebar controls can be mounted together.

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The new I-SPEC-EV designs give 14mm of lateral sliding range and 60 degrees of rotational positioning so riders can find their most ergonomic hand position on the shifters and levers and have clutter-free handlebars.

As well as that, Shimano now introduces a dedicated dropper seat post lever with an I-SPEC-EV mount that’s compatible with all common adjustable seat post types in the market including the PRO Koryak Dropper post.

In addition, the shifters now have a lighter operation force allowing riders to make intuitive, seamless and minimum fingertip movements, bringing a substantial decrease in shifting force and operation compared to XTR M9000.

Shimano xtr m9100
Image courtesy of Shimano.

Features like RapidFire Plus, 2-Way Release and Multi-Release carry over from the previous generation. New for the M9100 shifters though is an 11-to-12-speed converter on the rear shifter for riders choosing the ‘11-speed’ wider flange hub set-up. For 2×12 riders, the front left hand shifter features an innovative new Mono Lever design with a simplified and intuitive operation, using just the one lever to shift up or shift down.


The design of XTR M9100 brake lever has changed with a repositioned clamp band and lever body. The clamp moves towards the middle of the lever body and the edge of the lever body is cleverly braced against the handlebar to create a stiffer brake with more direct contact feeling and improvement in control.

Shimano xtr m9100
Image courtesy of Shimano.

The 2-piston option comes with a lighter weight XC brake lever with the option to adjust the reach of the lever arm. The 4-piston brakeset  also features a dedicated brake lever, but with a tool-free reach adjust function, free stroke adjust function and Shimano’s Servo Wave technology to give rapid pad-to-rotor action. Both calipers are made from aluminum, use a high rigidity brake hose and provide faster brake engagement with a shorter free stroke.

Pads and rotors:

To match the redesigned caliper shape the brake pad shape also changes. Riders choosing the 4-piston caliper need the radiator finned pads, while the 2-piston calipers fit the pads without fins. The rotor design meanwhile uses a revamped Ice-Technologies Freeza construction to either reduce weight or boost heat dissipation. The 140 and 160mm rotors shed 5 and 10g respectively, while the 180 and 203 mm rotors were 20°c cooler during testing with the 203mm rotor also saving 30g (vs RT99) in weight.


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